1 And it came to pass afterward, that he went throughout every city and village, preaching and shewing the glad tidings of the kingdom of God: and the twelve were with him,
2 And certain women, which had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities, Mary called Magdalene, out of whom went seven devils,
3 And Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, which ministered unto him of their substance.
1901 ASV Translation:
1 And it came to pass soon afterwards, that he went about through cities and villages, preaching and bringing the good tidings of the kingdom of God, and with him the twelve,
2 and certain women who had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities: Mary that was called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out,
3 and Joanna the wife of Chuzas Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, who ministered unto them of their substance.
I. The Larger Context of Chapter Eight.
A. 8:1-3 A ministry shift and its helpers.
B. 8:4-18 The use of parables.
C. 8:19-21 Jesus' rejection of His earthly family.
D. 8:22-25 Jesus calms the storm.
E. 8:26-39 Jesus delivers the man from Legion.
F. 8:40-56 Jesus raises Jairus' daughter from the dead (and heals the woman with the enduring hemorrhage).
G. In 9:1 and following Jesus sent the Twelve out to proclaim the Kingdom as a kind of next-step to 8:1-3.
II. The General Flow of Luke's Material.
A. The general shift and its supporters introduces Jesus' use of the parable of the sower as a kind of hidden validation of the ministry. It includes the use of a second parable focused upon the purpose for lighting a lamp.
B. Then there is a very short renunciation of "family" in favor of "real family" (who hear and do the word of God [a return to the thesis at the end of the Sermon on the Mount]).
C. This is followed by a large focus upon the miraculous.
1. First there is the stilling of the storm and Jesus' question: Where is your faith?
2. Then there is an extended/detailed record of the exorcism of Legion that focuses upon its impact upon the region of the Gerasenes because of the man's "proclamation".
3. That is followed by an extended account of the resuscitation of a girl who had died, with an imbedded record of a healing, that focuses upon "faith", but ends with Jesus forbidding any "proclamation" of the details of His actions while He was in the room with the girl and her parents.
D. This chapter records how Jesus transitions from His own ministry of proclamation to His use of others to engage in that ministry.
1. The "intro" focuses upon the "support" of His ministry that was given by "women" who, like the "sinner" in Simon's house, had been significantly "saved" though it also mentions "many others".
2. The issue seems to be, therefore, a presentation of the coming "ministry".
a. It will be sustained by those who benefit from it.
b. It will be focused upon the sowing of the Word.
c. It will differentiate between those who think they can dominate Jesus and those willing to be dominated by Him.
d. It will be rooted in the bona-fides of Jesus as "The Mighty One" as they are "believed".
III. The Details of the "Intro".
A. Jesus begins to deliberately extend the spread the message of the Kingdom.
B. The Twelve went with Him.
C. Certain "women ... ministered unto them of their substance."