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Topic: Study Notes: Chapter 3

Romans 3:22-23

by Darrel Cline

Chapter # 3 Paragraph # 3 Study # 3
Lincolnton, NC
June 21, 2005


1769 Translation:

22 Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference:

23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;

1901 ASV Translation:

22 even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ unto all them that believe; for there is no distinction;

23 for all have sinned, and fall short of the glory of God;

Textual Issues:There is one textual variation in 3:22-23 between the Textus Receptus and the Nestle/Aland 26. The Textus Receptus has the phrase "and upon all" in 3:22 which the Nestle/Aland 26 does not have. Those who have produced the textual commentary on the variants have pointed out that this might actually be the result of an earlier variation in which some texts read "unto all" and others read "upon all", so the Textus Receptus combined the two readings so as to leave neither out. However, this is conjecture. The issue cannot be "resolved" on the basis of the external evidence. But, the reading of the Textus Receptus only does one thing that the Nestle/Aland 26 does not do: it provides a kind of emphatic redundancy. Thus, the only issue is "emphasis", not "meaning".


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