Chapter # 3 Paragraph # 4 Study # 2
Lincolnton, NC
July 26, 2005

<145> 1769 Translation: 28 Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law. 1901 ASV Translation: 28 We reckon therefore that a man is justified by faith apart from the works of the law. Textual Issues: In 3:28, the Textus Receptus has "therefore" and the Nestle/Aland 26 has "for" and the word order of "justified by faith" is reversed. The textual tradition is mixed; the support for both readings is fairly equal; but the determinative issue rests upon whether Paul was drawing a conclusion ("Therefore") or pulling up support for the statement of 3:27 ("For"). The apostle's argument seems to favor the idea that he is pulling up support because he has already established its factual basis. Thus, he is not "concluding" that a man is justified by faith; rather, he is arguing on its basis that boasting has been excluded. Notes: